Today, we’re going to talk about the FV function in Google Sheets. This is a powerful tool that allows you to easily calculate the future value of an investment. Whether you’re saving for retirement, trying to plan for your child’s education, or just looking to grow your wealth, the FV function can be a valuable resource.

So, what exactly does the FV function do? Simply put, it calculates the future value of a series of periodic payments, taking into account the rate of return you can expect to earn on your investment. By inputting the relevant information, such as the payment amount, the number of periods, and the interest rate, the FV function can give you a clear picture of how much your investment will be worth in the future. This can be a great way to set financial goals and make informed decisions about your money.

Table of Contents

## Definition of FV Function

The FV function in Google Sheets calculates the future value of an investment, taking into account the periodic payment amount, the number of periods, and the interest rate. It allows you to determine how much an investment will be worth at a future date, based on the expected rate of return. By inputting these values, the FV function can help you set financial goals, make informed decisions about your money, and plan for the future.

## Syntax of FV Function

The syntax for the FV function in Google Sheets is as follows:

=FV(rate, nper, pmt, pv, type)

Where:

- rate is the interest rate per period.
- nper is the total number of periods.
- pmt is the payment made each period. This can be a negative value.
- pv is the present value, or the lump sum amount that is invested. This can be a negative value.
- type is a optional argument that specifies when the payments are made. It can be 0 (payments are made at the end of the period) or 1 (payments are made at the beginning of the period). If this argument is omitted, it is assumed to be 0.

Here’s an example of how the FV function might be used in a Google Sheets formula:

=FV(0.05, 20, -100, -1000)

This formula would calculate the future value of an investment with an interest rate of 5%, a total of 20 periods, a payment of $100 made at the end of each period, and a present value of $1000.

## Examples of FV Function

Here are three examples of how the FV function can be used in Google Sheets:

- Calculating the future value of a savings account:

Imagine you have $1000 in a savings account that earns 2% interest per year. You want to know how much your account will be worth in 5 years. You could use the following formula to calculate the future value:=FV(0.02/12, 5*12, 0, 1000)

This formula uses the annual interest rate (0.02) and divides it by 12 to get the monthly interest rate. It also multiplies the number of years (5) by 12 to get the total number of periods. The payment amount is 0 because you are not making any additional contributions to the account. The present value is $1000. The result of this formula would be $1,103.36, which is the future value of your savings account in 5 years.

- Calculating the future value of a retirement account:

Suppose you want to retire in 30 years and you want to know how much you need to save in order to reach your goal. You can use the FV function to calculate the future value of your retirement account, taking into account your expected rate of return and your monthly contributions. For example:=FV(0.07/12, 30*12, -500, 0)

This formula assumes a monthly interest rate of 7% and a total of 30*12=360 periods (30 years). The payment amount is -$500 because it is a monthly contribution. The present value is 0 because you have not yet saved any money. The result of this formula would be $934,073.59, which is the future value of your retirement account if you make monthly contributions of $500 and earn a 7% return on your investment.

- Calculating the future value of an investment in a stock:

Suppose you want to invest $1000 in a stock that you expect will return 10% per year. You want to know how much your investment will be worth in 10 years. You can use the FV function to calculate the future value of your investment like this:=FV(0.10, 10, 0, 1000)

This formula uses a 10% annual interest rate and a total of 10 periods (10 years). The payment amount is 0 because you are not making any additional contributions to the investment. The present value is $1000. The result of this formula would be $2,594.10, which is the future value of your investment in 10 years if it returns a 10% annual rate of return.

## Use Case of FV Function

- If you are considering investing in a stock, mutual fund, or other type of investment, you can use the FV function to estimate the potential future value of your investment. For example, if you are thinking about investing $5000 in a stock that you expect will return 10% per year, you can use the FV function to calculate how much your investment will be worth in 10 years.
- Determining the future value of a loan: If you are considering taking out a loan, the FV function can help you determine the future value of the loan based on the interest rate, payment amount, and term of the loan. For example, if you are thinking about taking out a $20,000 loan with a 5% interest rate and a 5-year term, you can use the FV function to calculate how much the loan will be worth at the end of the term.
- Setting financial goals: The FV function can be a useful tool for setting financial goals and creating a plan to reach them. For example, if you want to save $50,000 for a down payment on a house in 10 years, you can use the FV function to determine how much you need to save each month in order to reach your goal

## Limitations of FV Function

There are a few limitations to keep in mind when using the FV function in Google Sheets:

- The FV function assumes a fixed interest rate: The FV function calculates the future value of an investment based on a fixed interest rate. This means that if the actual rate of return on the investment is different than the rate assumed in the formula, the result will not be accurate.
- The FV function does not take into account inflation: The FV function does not take into account the impact of inflation on the future value of an investment. This means that the result of the FV function may not accurately reflect the purchasing power of the money in the future.
- The FV function does not account for taxes: The FV function does not consider the impact of taxes on the future value of an investment. This means that the result of the FV function may not accurately reflect the after-tax value of the investment.
- The FV function does not account for changes in the investment: The FV function assumes that the investment will remain unchanged over time. This means that if the investment experiences changes in value, such as fluctuations in the stock market, the result of the FV function may not be accurate.

It’s important to keep these limitations in mind when using the FV function in Google Sheets. It can be a helpful tool for planning and setting financial goals, but it should not be used as the sole basis for making investment decisions.

## Commonly Used Functions Along With FV

Here are some commonly used functions in Google Sheets that can be used in conjunction with the FV function:

- PV: The PV function calculates the present value of an investment, taking into account the future value, the interest rate, and the number of periods. This function can be used in combination with the FV function to determine the present value of an investment given the future value and other variables.
- NPER: The NPER function calculates the number of periods required to reach a future value, given the present value, the payment amount, and the interest rate. This function can be used in combination with the FV function to determine the number of periods required to reach a certain future value.
- PMT: The PMT function calculates the payment amount required to reach a future value, given the present value, the number of periods, and the interest rate. This function can be used in combination with the FV function to determine the payment amount required to reach a certain future value.
- RATE: The RATE function calculates the interest rate required to reach a future value, given the present value, the payment amount, and the number of periods. This function can be used in combination with the FV function to determine the interest rate required to reach a certain future value.

Here’s an example of how these functions might be used in combination with the FV function in Google Sheets:

Suppose you have $10,000 invested in a stock that you expect will return 10% per year. You want to know how long it will take for your investment to grow to $20,000. You can use the FV function in combination with the NPER function to solve this problem like this:

=NPER(0.1, 0, -10000, 20000)

This formula calculates the number of periods required to reach a future value of $20,000 given an annual interest rate of 10%, a payment amount of 0 (since you are not making any additional contributions to the investment), and a present value of -$10,000 (since you have already invested $10,000). The result of this formula is 10, which means it will take 10 years for your investment to grow to $20,000.

You can also use the PV function to calculate the present value of the investment given the future value and the other variables:

=PV(0.1, 10, 0, 20000)

This formula calculates the present value of an investment that will grow to $20,000 in 10 years given an annual interest rate of 10% and a payment amount of 0. The result of this formula is $10,000, which is the present value of the investment.

These are just a few examples of how the FV function can be used in combination with other functions in Google Sheets. There are many other possibilities for using these functions together to solve a variety of financial problems.

## Summary

The FV function in Google Sheets is a powerful tool for calculating the future value of an investment. It allows you to determine how much an investment will be worth at a future date, taking into account the payment amount, the number of periods, and the interest rate. The FV function is a useful resource for setting financial goals, making informed decisions about your money, and planning for the future.

There are a few limitations to keep in mind when using the FV function, such as the assumption of a fixed interest rate, the lack of consideration for inflation, the lack of consideration for taxes, and the lack of consideration for changes in the investment. However, despite these limitations, the FV function can be a valuable resource for anyone looking to plan and manage their finances.

If you are interested in using the FV function in your own Google Sheets, we encourage you to give it a try! With a little bit of practice, you will be able to use this function to solve a variety of financial problems and make informed decisions about your money.

## Video: FV Function

In this video, you will see how to use FV function. We suggest you to watch the video to understand the usage of FV formula.