Are you tired of struggling to manage large arrays of data in your Google Sheets spreadsheet? Do you wish there was an easy way to control the size of an array and ensure that it fits within a certain dimension? If so, then the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN formula in Google Sheets is just what you need!

The ARRAY_CONSTRAIN formula is a simple and easy-to-use tool that allows you to limit the size of an array to a specified number of rows and columns. This can be very helpful when working with large arrays of data, as it allows you to make sure that the array fits within a specific size or dimension, and to make the array easier to view and manipulate.

In this blog post, we will introduce you to the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN formula in Google Sheets and show you how it can make working with large arrays of data easier and more efficient. We will provide examples of how to use the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN formula, explain its limitations, and discuss some of the commonly used functions that can be used in combination with the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN formula.

So if you want to learn more about the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN formula in Google Sheets and how it can help you with your data management and analysis, keep reading!

Table of Contents

**Definition of ARRAY_CONSTRAIN Function**

The ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function in Google Sheets is a mathematical function that allows you to limit the size of an array to a specified number of rows and columns. This function is often used when working with large arrays of data, and you want to make sure that the array fits within a certain size or dimension.

To use the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function in Google Sheets, you simply enter the array that you want to constrain as the first argument of the function, and then specify the number of rows and columns that you want the array to have as the second and third arguments of the function. The ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function will then limit the size of the array to the specified number of rows and columns, and return the resulting array as the result.

For example, if you have an array with 10 rows and 10 columns, and you want to limit the array to 5 rows and 5 columns, you could use the following formula:

=ARRAY_CONSTRAIN(A1:J10, 5, 5)

In this example, the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function would return an array with 5 rows and 5 columns as the result.

Overall, the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function in Google Sheets is a simple and easy-to-use tool that can help you manage and work with large arrays of data in your Google Sheets spreadsheet.

**Syntax of ARRAY_CONSTRAIN Function**

The syntax of the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function in Google Sheets is as follows:

=ARRAY_CONSTRAIN(array, num_rows, num_columns)

The ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function takes three arguments:

- array: This is the array that you want to constrain to a specified number of rows and columns. This argument must be a reference to a range of cells that contains the array that you want to constrain.
- num_rows: This is the number of rows that you want the array to have after it is constrained. This argument must be a positive integer that specifies the number of rows that you want the array to have.
- num_columns: This is the number of columns that you want the array to have after it is constrained. This argument must be a positive integer that specifies the number of columns that you want the array to have.

When using the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function, you must enter the array that you want to constrain as the first argument of the function, and then specify the number of rows and columns that you want the array to have as the second and third arguments of the function. The ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function will then limit the size of the array to the specified number of rows and columns, and return the resulting array as the result.

For example, if you have an array with 10 rows and 10 columns, and you want to limit the array to 5 rows and 5 columns, you could use the following formula:

=ARRAY_CONSTRAIN(A1:J10, 5, 5)

In this example, the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function would return an array with 5 rows and 5 columns as the result.

**Examples of ARRAY_CONSTRAIN Function**

Here are three examples of how you could use the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function in Google Sheets to limit the size of an array to a specified number of rows and columns:

- To limit an array to 10 rows and 10 columns:
=ARRAY_CONSTRAIN(A1:Z100, 10, 10)

In this example, the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function would take the array in the range A1:Z100 as the input, and return a new array with 10 rows and 10 columns as the result.

- To limit an array to the first 5 rows and the first 5 columns:
=ARRAY_CONSTRAIN(A1:Z100, 5, 5, 1, 1)

In this example, the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function would take the array in the range A1:Z100 as the input, and return a new array with 5 rows and 5 columns, with the first row and the first column of the original array preserved.

- To limit an array to the last 5 rows and the last 5 columns:
=ARRAY_CONSTRAIN(A1:Z100, 5, 5, 0, 0)

In this example, the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function would take the array in the range A1:Z100 as the input, and return a new array with 5 rows and 5 columns, with the last row and the last column of the original array preserved.

**Use Case of ARRAY_CONSTRAIN Function**

Here are three examples of how the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function could be used in a real-life situation in Google Sheets:

- You are a teacher and you want to create a quiz for your students that includes multiple choice questions. You have a large array of questions, answers, and correct answer choices, but you want to make sure that each quiz only includes 10 questions. You could use the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function to limit the size of the array of questions, answers, and answer choices to 10 rows, and then use a random number generator to select 10 random questions from the array to create each quiz.
- You are a real estate agent and you want to create a spreadsheet to track the properties that you have listed for sale. You have a large array of property information, including the property address, price, number of bedrooms, and square footage, but you want to make sure that each page of the spreadsheet only includes 10 properties. You could use the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function to limit the size of the array of property information to 10 rows, and then use the SPLIT function to split the array into multiple arrays that each fit on a single page of the spreadsheet.
- You are a retailer and you want to create a spreadsheet to track your inventory. You have a large array of inventory information, including the item name, quantity, and price, but you want to make sure that each page of the spreadsheet only includes 10 items. You could use the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function to limit the size of the array of inventory information to 10 rows, and then use the SORT function to sort the array by item name, quantity, or price, and then use the SPLIT function to split the array into multiple arrays that each fit on a single page of the spreadsheet.

**Limitations of ARRAY_CONSTRAIN Function**

There are several limitations to the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function in Google Sheets that you should be aware of:

- The ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function only works with arrays that are rectangular, meaning that all rows in the array must have the same number of columns, and all columns in the array must have the same number of rows. If the input array is not rectangular, the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function will return an error.
- The ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function only works with arrays that are within the maximum size limit of a Google Sheets spreadsheet, which is 5 million cells. If the input array is larger than this limit, the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function will return an error.
- The ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function only works with arrays that are within the maximum dimensions of a Google Sheets spreadsheet, which is 1,048,576 rows by 16,384 columns. If the input array is larger than this limit, the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function will return an error.
- The ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function only works with arrays that contain numeric or text values. If the input array contains other types of values, such as logical values (TRUE or FALSE), error values (#VALUE!), or blank cells, the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function will return an error.

**Commonly Used Functions Along With ARRAY_CONSTRAIN**

Here are some commonly used functions that can be used in combination with the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function in Google Sheets:

- The RAND function: This function generates a random number between 0 and 1. This can be useful when combined with the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function, as it allows you to randomly select elements from an array and create a new, constrained array.
- The RANDBETWEEN function: This function generates a random integer between two specified numbers. This can be useful when combined with the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function, as it allows you to randomly select a certain number of elements from an array and create a new, constrained array.
- The SPLIT function: This function splits an array into multiple arrays based on a specified delimiter. This can be useful when combined with the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function, as it allows you to split a large array into multiple smaller arrays that can each fit on a single page of a spreadsheet.
- The SORT function: This function sorts an array based on the values in a specified column or row. This can be useful when combined with the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function, as it allows you to sort a large array and then use the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function to limit the size of the sorted array.

**Summary**

The ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function in Google Sheets is a simple and easy-to-use tool that allows you to limit the size of an array to a specified number of rows and columns. This function is often used when working with large arrays of data, and you want to make sure that the array fits within a certain size or dimension.

To use the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function in Google Sheets, you simply enter the array that you want to constrain as the first argument of the function, and then specify the number of rows and columns that you want the array to have as the second and third arguments of the function. The ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function will then limit the size of the array to the specified number of rows and columns, and return the resulting array as the result.

There are several limitations to the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function in Google Sheets that you should be aware of, including the fact that it only works with rectangular arrays, arrays that are within the maximum size limit of a Google Sheets spreadsheet, and arrays that contain numeric or text values. However, by understanding these limitations and using the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function correctly, you can easily and efficiently manage and work with large arrays of data in your Google Sheets spreadsheet.

In conclusion, the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function in Google Sheets is a powerful and useful tool that can help you manage and analyze large arrays of data in your spreadsheet. If you have not yet tried using the ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function in your own Google Sheets spreadsheet, we encourage you to give it a try and see how it can help you with your data management and analysis tasks.

## Video: ARRAY_CONSTRAIN Function

In this video, you will see how to use ARRAY_CONSTRAIN function. Be sure to watch the video to understand the usage of ARRAY_CONSTRAIN formula.